Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illnesses (IMNCI) Training


Introduction

In our country, malnutrition and low birth weight (LBW) contribute to about 50% deaths among infants and children under 5 years of age. It is obvious that for preventing deaths due to low birth weight, the health and nutritional status of mothers during pregnancy has to be taken care of. It is well established fact that care during or immediately after birth plays an important role in preventing deaths in the early neonatal period. Visiting the children at homes has been found to be a critical intervention which helps in preventing deaths. WHO/UNICEF developed a new approach to tackling the major diseases of early childhood called the Integrated Management of Childhood & Neonatal Illnesses (IMNCI). Studies show that children presenting with any illness often suffer from more than one disease. For instance, a child presenting with diarrhoea may also be malnourished and may not have received the immunization as per the National Immunization Schedule. The integrated approach ensures that all relevant needs of the child are looked at and attended to during the contact of the child with the health workers.